F-22 Raptor (official designation: F-22A) is a single-seat, twin-engine, stealth fifth-generation air superiority fighter developed by Lochheed Martin and Boeing for the United States Air Force (USAF).
Lockheed Martin's F-22A Raptor is considered to be the most capable fighter aircraft in the world in active service.
The F-22 Raptor is the result of the Advanced Tactical Fighter (ATF) program, a USAF program for the development of a next generation air superiority fighter.
The Advanced Tactical Fighter (ATF) was initiated in June 1981, when the United States Air Force (USAF) issued a request for information (RFI) for a new air superiority fighter that will follow the mighty F-15 Eagle.
The new fighter had to be a revolutionary one, incorporating stealth technology, and being manufactured using light alloys and composite materials. The powerfull engine had to have the capability to maintain supercruise flight.
On 31 October 1986, Lockheed and Northrop were selected out of seven bidding companies to built prototypes. For this project, Lockheed teamed with Boeing and General Dynamics while Northrop teamed with McDonnel Douglas.
Each team developed two technology demonstrator prototypes, Lockheed building the YF-22 while Northrop the YF-23.
On 29 September 1990, the YF-22 had its maiden flight reaching a speed of Mach 1.58 in supercruise.
On 23 April 1991, the YF-22 was announed as the winner of the ATF competition. The reasons were that the Lockheeds aircraft was more maneuverable due to its thrust vectoring nozzles, and overall was less expensive and risky than its competitor. The Northrop YF-23 also had its advantages, being stealthier and faster than the Lockheeds design.
USAF planned to buy a total of 750 of the new fighters but eventually only 195 F-22 were produced between 1996 and 2011, eight of them being test aircraft.
The rest of 187 entered in operational service, the last of the jets being delivered in 2012.
The production variant, although very similar in appearance with the YF-22 , had notable differences over the technology demonstrator.
F-22 is not available for foreigh customers, being banned from export by the American Congress.
Posted by: Andrei Dcs
F-22A Raptor - General Data and Specifications:
Fifth generation, stealth air superiority fighter
Place of Origin
United States of America
Service Period and Status
15 December 2005 - present
In active service
Manufacturer and Builders
Lockheed Martin Aeronautics
Boeing Defense, Space & Security
Program & Unit Cost
US$67.3 billion (as of 2010)
US$150 million (flyaway cost for FY2009)
195 (8 test and 187 operational aircraft)
Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA
Lockheed Martin FB-22