Gowind 2500 is a class of corvettes with stealth characteristics designed by French shipbuilder Naval Group (formerly known as DCNS).
The Gowind is a multirole corvette which can (do / perform) anti-submarine, anti-ship and air defence missions.
The Gowind family consists of two types of ships: a 85 meters in length patrol vessel with a displacement of 1000 tons, and the corvette version, a warship with a displacement of 2500 tons measuring 102 meters in length.
This larger ship, the corvette, is officially name Gowind 2500, the figure representing its displacement.
Although it is a French design, Gowind 2500 was not acquired by the French Navy which relies exclusively on larger ships like destroyers and frigates.
However this hasnt stop the Gowind class to have success on export markets, this model being selected by Egypt, Romania, Malaysia and the United Arab Emirates to equip their navies.
Gowind 2500 is a multi-role corvette capable of anti-submarine, anti-ship and air defense warfare.
As standard, the Gowind 2500 is offered for export with MBDA armament, but this is not mandatory, as the customer can also opt for systems from other manufacturers, as the United Arab Emirates has opted for American armament.
As for the cannons, an Oto Melara 76 mm caliber is mounted on the stern. It is also equipped with two 20mm Nexter Narwhal automatic guns.
In the area of air defense, the Gowind 2500 has a vertical launcher (VLS) with 16 cells each housing one VL MICA rocket.
VL MICA is an air-to-air and ground-to-air missile with a short to medium range.
The ground-to-air version, that is also installed on ships is powered by a solid fuel engine that propels the rocket up to Mach 3 speeds with a range of up to 20 km and capable to reach an altitude of 9 km.
For naval combat, Gowind comes equipped with eight Exocet rocket launchers.
Exocet is a French-made anti-ship missile that can be launched from a variety of platforms such as surface ships, submarines, fix-wing aircrafts, helicopters and ground-based mobile systems.
It was widely used in conflicts, becoming known to the world following the 1982 Falkland War between Argentina and the United Kingdom, when Argentine Super Etendard aircrafts hit the Type 42 destroyer HMS Sheffield and the former commercial ship Atlantic Conveyor, sinking both of them.
Gowind is also an exceptional anti-submarine warship, being equipped with two sonars, a Kingklip sonar mounted in the hull and a Captas 2 variable depth sonar.
The ship also has two triple torpedo launchers. It can also accommodate on board a medium-sized ASW helicopter with a maximum weight of 10 tons.
Sensors and processing systems
Gowind has a single main mast with a conical shaped-base which houses the SMART-S MK2 3D radar.
Signaal Multibeam Acquisition Radar for Tracking, S band (SMART-S) is a Passive electronically scanned array (PESA) 3D medium to long range radar.
SMART-S is used for the detection of air and surface targets having two modes of operation: a medium range mode of up to 150 km and 27 rotations per minute and a long range mode of up to 250 km operating at 13.5 rotations per minute.
The radar which was developed by Thales Nederland, the Dutch subsidiary of the French multinational Thales Group, has already been acquired by numerous naval forces around the world to equip their ships.
- Egypt - The Egyptian Navy has acquired four Gowind 2500 vessels, the first being built in France and the next three in the North African
country. The first three ships have already been launched while the last is currently under construction.
- Malaysia - The Malaysian Navy will operate six vessels based on the Gowind design but with a larger displacement of 3,100 tons.
- United Arab Emirates - The Arab state has signed a contract for the purchase of two Gowind corvettes with a displacement of 2700 tonnes.
- Romania - at the beginning of July 2019, Romania officially announced that Naval Group had won the contract to build four Gowind 2500 corvettes for the Romanian Navy. It is an important victory for Naval Group, Romania being the first NATO member to choose the French design. All the four warships will be locally built at the Constanța Shipyard.